Cauda Equina Tumour-Differentials
29 yr old lady comes with gradually increasing pain and weakness of both lower limbs including buttocks region. Routine MRI shows solitary, enhancing, well defined ,glomus shaped , nodule intramedullary region possibly from filum terminale internum with separation of nerve fibers of cauda at L3 level with no clumping of nerve roots or bony anomaly or disc disease or conus disease. Case by Dr MGK Murthy and Mr Hariom.
What is the diagnosis ?
It is of intramedullary neoplastic etiology and probably represents ependymoma (commonest in this region, enhancement, and age group)
Differentials include extruded discs (not likely as no significant disc prolapse is identified otherwise and the enhancement ) spinal haemangioblastoma (no mural nodule), neurofibroma and schwannoma(not homogenous and intense in enhancement as well as no extension along the intervertebral foramina),Lipoma, dermoid and epidermoids (though relatively bright on T1, enhancement goes against these),meningioma(though T2 low , enhancement is not typical and location is unusual), paraganglioma(intense enhancing nodule is the rule )and lastly the ever mimicker of neoplasm in our country tuberculoma (no other evidence of TB otherwise )
-Spinal cord ends at lower border of L1 as conus in adults
-filum continues as strand of connective tissue for 15 cms appx with first 5-6 cms having central canal as well
-filum terminale internum continues as externum to coccyx after piercing the dura caudally
Cauda Equina Tumour-Differentials Reviewed by Sumer Sethi on Thursday, July 21, 2011 Rating: