Journal watch-Update on using coronary calcium screening by computed tomography to measure risk for coronary heart disease
Brad H. Thompson and William Stanford.
Abstract Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the number one killer of adults in the United States, claiming one-half million deaths annually. Early detection and prevention strategies clearly remain a top priority for health care providers in order to reduce the high mortality rate of heart disease. As an unequivocal reflection of arteriosclerosis, coronary arterial calcium (CAC) may provide a means to qualitatively assess the overall disease severity and likewise serve as a means to assess risk for CHD. It is known that patients with heavy calcium burdens have more advanced CAD, a concomitantly a higher likelihood of coronary stenoses, and a concomitant higher risk for acute cardiac events. Computed tomography has been shown to be an accurate, non-invasive method to quantify coronary calcification burden in patients. Evidence shows that calcium measurements by CT correlate well with histological plaque analyses, and that CAC measurements accurately reflect disease severity and can be useful to assess individual risk for CHD. The purpose of this article is to summarize the currently available evidence that has attempted to validate CAC screening as a screening exam and risk predictor for coronary heart disease.
The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging (formerly Cardiac Imaging) Volume 21, Number 1, Pages: 39 - 53
Journal watch-Update on using coronary calcium screening by computed tomography to measure risk for coronary heart disease Reviewed by Sumer Sethi on Sunday, May 01, 2005 Rating: